Velichko Viktoria Pavlovna, Student, Penza State University (40 Krasnaya street, Penza, Russia), email@example.com
Semenova Elena Fedorovna, Candidate of biological sciences, professor, senior staff scientist, sub-department of general and clinical pharmacology, Penza State University (40 Krasnaya street, Penza, Russia), firstname.lastname@example.org
Rytikova Olga Vladimirovna, Biologist, I. I. Sprygin’s Botanical garden (2a Karla Marksa street, Penza, Russia), email@example.com
Background. Phytoproducts based on attar of roses and vitamin wild roses are widely used in medicine and pharmacy, cosmetics and dietary nutrition. Currently, due to limited resources of wild rose hips, a lack of raw materials of rose plantation cultivation, it is necessary to expand the range of high-yielding cultivated forms. It is known that introduction to the culture and growing in different ecological and geographical conditions may change biostruсture of plants.Therefore, the detailed macromorphological analysis of types and forms of attar of roses and vitamin wild roses is necessary to assess their adaptation and productive capacity, diagnostically significant symptoms while being introduced in the Middle Volga.
Materials and methods. The studies were conducted on plants grown on collection sites (district of Crimea), located in the northern foothills of the Crimean peninsula. The authors also studied the samples obtained in the Botanical Garden (Penza). In the course of the study the scientists monitored the samples of attar of roses and vitamin wild roses, described the symptoms, which may allow to prove features of type and form of the samples.
Results. The studies have established distinctive morphological features of vegetative shoots, leaves, flowers and fruits, and also showed that the nature of the shoot color, location and form of thorns, the shape of the leaf blade are speciesspecific, and the flower type, color and shape of the fruit are form-specific. The features of structural adaptation were studied and evaluated by introduction on the macromorphological level.
Conclusions. Adaptation and productive potential of exotic species has been implemented to the greatest extent. Diagnostic macromorphological features of attar of roses include the flower type, color and shape of the fruit, and features of vitamin wild roses include the bine color, location and shape of the spines, the leaf blade shape.
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